Topic 3 Critical Thinking

What is critical thinking?

Critical thinking is the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication, as a guide to belief and action. In its exemplary form, it is based on universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions: clarity, accuracy, precision, consistency, relevance, sound evidence, good reasons, depth, breadth, and fairness.  It entails the examination of those structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning: purpose, problem, or question-at-issue; assumptions; concepts; empirical grounding; reasoning leading to conclusions; implications and consequences; objections from alternative viewpoints; and frame of reference. Critical thinking — in being responsive to variable subject matter, issues, and purposes — is incorporated in a family of interwoven modes of thinking, among them: scientific thinking, mathematical thinking, historical thinking, anthropological thinking, economic thinking, moral thinking, and philosophical thinking.

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Critical thinking and creativity

Using critical thinking accompanied by a sense of creativity helps to look around and face difficult situations. Everyday we are obliged to solve issues and develop an ability on thinking with creativity will help to find unexpected solutions.

An open minded approach is necessary to help us see in difficult situations an opportunity of learning to develop experience and new strategic approaches.

Solving problems  is a long life learning approach that will help to learn that effective strategy comes from experience and that every situation can contain an element of learning.